Miguel Panao | Professor and Author

Finding ways to improve scientific writing and academic productivity.


“Man can learn nothing except by going from the known to the unknown.” (CLAUDE BERNARD)

Photo adapted from Davide Foti at Unsplash

Photo adapted from Davide Foti at Unsplash

Learning is dynamic. You never know when you learned. The moment you learn something you change, and if you change, also the perspective over what you just learned. What became known to you through learning, becomes unknown without realizing.

This learning dynamic is how I understand Claude Bernard, a French physiologist. You only learn when “going from the known to the unknown” because you discover the question that drives your curiosity and resilience.

Learning is more about the question than the answer.

The unknown, rather than the known.

The wondering, instead of the know-it-all.

The openness of heart and mind.

About Miguel Panao

I am a Professor at the University of Coimbra in Mechanical Engineering. I am also author of books in the fields of environmental ethics and Science and Religion. From the several research projects, this site is personal and dedicated to the search for the best approaches, tools, techniques to improve scientific productivity.

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